Sandhills Region Of South Carolina
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Sandhills Region Of South Carolina

Chap4
SECTION 4 SANDHILLS / MIDLANDS REGION Index Map to Study Sites Table Rock (Mountains) 5BSantee Cooper Project (Engineering & Canals) 2B6ACongaree Swamp (Pristine Forest) 3AForty Acre Rock (Granite Outcropping) Lake Marion (Limestone Outcropping) 3BSilverstreet (Agriculture) 8A3CKings Mountain (Historical Battleground) 9ACharleston (Historic Port) Columbia (Metropolitan Area) 9BMyrtle Beach (Tourist Area) Graniteville (Mining Area) 9CThe ACE Basin (Wildlife & Sea Island Culture) Sugarloaf Mountain (Wildlife Refuge) 10AWinyah Bay (Rice Culture) Savannah River Site (Habitat Restoration) 10BNorth Inlet (Hurricanes)

4-i TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR SECTION 4

SANDHILLS / MIDLANDS REGION - Index Map to Sandhills / Midlands Study Sites

- Table of Contents for Section 4

- Power Thinking Activity - "Traffic Troubles"

- Performance Objectives

- Background Information

- Description of Landforms, Drainage Patterns, and Geologic Processes

- Characteristic Landforms of the Sandhills / Midlands

- Geographic Features of Special Interest

- Fall Line Zone

- figure 4-1 - "Map of Fall Line Zone"

- Sandhills Soils

- Influence of Topography on Historical Events and Cultural Trends

- Landforms Influenced the Development of Cities

- Choosing a Site for the New Capital

- Laying Out the City of Columbia

- The Columbia Canal and Water Transportation

- story - "The Cotton Boat"

- The Secession Convention and the Onset of the Civil War

- Columbia's Importance to the Confederacy

- Sherman's March Through South Carolina

- The Fall of Columbia

- story - "One Account of the Burning of Columbia"

- story - "Eyewitness Account of the Burning of Columbia"

- Preservation of Historic Homes

- Natural Resources, Land Use, and Environmental Concerns

- Climate and Water Resources

- Agriculture and Forestry

- Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

- Unique Natural Habitats in the Sandhills

- Clay Deposits

- The Pottery Industry

- Summary

- Places to Visit

- References and Resources 4-ii

- STUDY AREA 4 : SANDHILLS / MIDLANDS OVERVIEW (ICONS)

Overv =

Sci =

Math =

Hist =

Lang Arts =

- Activity 4-1: Overview

- Materials

- Performance Tasks

1.trace Sandhills boundaries and characterize topography

2.characterize Sandhills soils and land use

3.locate the center of the state

4.evaluate potential locations for State Capital

5.locate potential site for new county seat

6.locate towns important to transport of cotton

7.trace route of Alexander Scaife

8.measure length of the Columbia Canal

9.

locate Civil War landmarks and retell stories

12
sandhills region of south carolina
.trace drainage divide from Augusta to Columbia

- Enrichment

1.research equipment used to build canals

2.

ask legislator about transportation budget

3.interpret Dave's poetic verses

- STUDY SITE 4A : COLUMBIA (METROPOLITAN AREA)

(ICONS)

Overv =

Sci =

Math =

Hist =

Lang Arts = - Newspaper Article - "Studies indicate pollution could shorten life span"

- Rationale - Brief Site Description

- Introduction

- Naming the Streets of Columbia

- figure 4A-1 - "1850 Street Map of Columbia"

- figure 4A-2 - "1995 Street Map of Columbia"

- Cotton Mills and Expansion of the City - Elmwood Cemetery Once Thought to Be Haunted

- Street Railroad Changes Columbia

- The Mall Culture

- story - "Excerpt from the Diary of Martha Merritt, April 10th"

- Activity 4A-1 : Landforms of Metropolitan Columbia

- Materials

- Performance Tasks 4-iii

1.locate the study site

2.

locate physical features and place names 3.compare Piedmont and Coastal Plain 4.compare topographic profiles of Coastal Plain and Piedmont 5.

interpret land use characteristics of study site 6.locate sand and gravel mining sites

- Enrichment 1.

research long term impact of human use of urban rivers

- Activity 4A-2 : Urbanization of the City of Columbia

- Materials

- Performance Tasks

1.analyze the newspaper article

2.analyze land use changes through time

3.analyze assembly's system for naming capital city

4.

trace city streetcar routes

5.locate granite mines and calculate depth

6.determine set of ordered pairs to locate Columbia landmarks

7.estimate time of day air photo was taken

8.locate malls/shopping centers and determine reason for location

9.locate places people congregate; ask why; write story about a trip 10.compare modern day Historic Columbia to 1786 specifications 11.locate mill villages in Columbia 12.compare street patterns along Columbia riverfront

- Enrichment

1.explain why there were no paved streets in Columbia until 1908

2.contrast life in Columbia in 1900 with life today

3.estimate time of day air photo was taken using trigonometry 4.

relate accomplishments of people to Columbia's street names - STUDY SITE 4B : GRANITEVILLE (MINING AREA)

(ICONS)

Overv =

Sci =

Math =

Hist =

Lang Arts = - Newspaper Article - "Graniteville: A company town no more"

- Rationale - Brief Site Description

- Introduction

- William Gregg and Manufacturing 4-iv p.4B-3

- Mill Town Legends - story - "The Little Boy's Grave"

- Kaolin Mining and Environmental Restoration

- Activity 4B-1 : Impact of Mining

- Materials

- Performance Tasks 1.locate the study site

2.

determine elevation of clay pits to assess rock structure

3.

explain why ther
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