Sabbath Keeping Churches In Texas
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Sabbath Keeping Churches In Texas

Seventh-Day Adventists Seventh Day Baptists continue to be the two best known long-established Sabbath-keeping groups.

However, Church of God leader H.E.Carver of the Marion, Iowa, Church of God Seventh Day, in a letter written in the February , noted that at that time there were hundreds, perhaps thousands, of Sabbath-keepers scattered over the land, from the Atlantic coast to the shores of the Pacific, who do not belong either to your church organization [SDBs], or that of the Seventh-day Adventists.Some of these are lonely ones,

This is even more true today.

But it is a fact not well-known among Seventh-day Overview of Major Sabbath-Keeping

Here is a brief outline of

of the major

Seventh Day Baptists number about 5,000 in the USA, and over 50,000 overseas.

Their USA headquarters is in Janesville, Wisconsin.

The oldest SDB church, the Mill Yard church in London, England, dates back at least to the 1600s.

SDB churches have considerable local autonomy.

Their first church in America was organized in 1671 in Newport, Rhode Island.

Their magazine, The , started in 1844

and is still being published.

SDBs are much like other Baptists doctrinally, but keep the Sabbath.

Seventh-day Adventists number over 12.9 million (2005) with

nearly a million members in North America.

The Church adds almost a million members a year, and doubles in size every 12 years.

They easily dwarf all other Sabbatarian groups in sheer size.

Their hospitals, colleges and universities, publishing houses, literature, radio and television, make them well-known.

Their teaching on vegetarianism is well-known, but few know of their other teachings which differ from mainline Protestants (man is mortal, the dead sleep, immortality will be conferred upon the righteous at Christs second coming, the millennium in heaven).

Church of God numbers from 300,000-500,000.

This broad classification includes those who trace their history back to Sabbath-keeping Adventists (not SDAs) who did not go along with the visions of Ellen G.

White.

Seventh Day Churches of God have never been united in one organization comparable to that of Sbeen characterized by local autonomous groups, and splits into factions when groups

() Church of God (Seventh Day) is a subgroup of dozens of independent groups,

the largest of which is headquartered in Denver, Colorado.

This grouping is the subject of my books on Church history.The Denver group has about 6,000 North American members and 100,000 overseas.It publishes the

(began in 1863 as The Hope of ) and is organized into conferences of local churches similar to that of Adventists.

Major distinguishing beliefs are: annual observance of the Lords Supper, abstinence from unclean meats, a Wednesday crucifixion, Sabbath resurrection of Christ (three days and three nights in the tomb), the millennium on the earth, the Holy Spirit not a Trinity but the mind and power of God, and nonobservance of Christmas and Easter.Some of the other headquarters of Church of God (Seventh Day) groups are Meridian, Idaho; Salem, West Virginia; Caldwell, Idaho; and Jerusalem, Israel.

Tens of thousands of local Church of God believers in Africa (Nigeria, Kenya, and Ghana primarily), India, the Philippines, Central and South America, and the Caribbean, are affiliated, but not solidly tied to any organization.

Beliefs vary.

Some keep the Biblical Holy Days, some do not, etc.

(Worldwide Church of Godand its offshoot groups is a large and well-SDAs.

At one time, the parent organization had over 100,000 members, but in the mid 1990s, splits had reduced its membership by 60% or more.

Founded by Herbert W.

Armstrong in 1933-34, the WWC had a worldwide coverage due to its

television program, and large

magazine.

It had offices and churches in many countries, and is controlled centrally from Pasadena, California.

Herbert Armstrong was ordained by the Church of God (Seventh-Day) and was ousted from them in 1937 over his doctrines of Anglo-Israelism and Biblical Holy Days (ideas which

Seventh-Day Adventists 3 some in the Seventh Day Church of God had held long before him, and which many continued to hold who were never associated with him).

The Worldwide Church of Gods classical distinctive teachings were:

belief in the Holy Days described in the Old Testament, that the United States and the British Commonwealth are mainly the descendants of Israel, in the three tithes described in the Old Testament, non-observance of holidays such as Christmas and Easter, and abstinence from pork and shellfish.

After Armstrongs death in 1986, the Church had abandoned its Anglo-Israel teaching, accepted the Trinity doctrine, rejected the Biblical requirement to observe the Sabbath and Holy Days, and approved eating unclean meats.

Its classical doctrines were continued by offshoots such as the United Church of God, Living Church of God, Philadelphia Church of God, Church of God, International, and Intercontinental Church of

Since its inception, numbers have left Armstrongs organization, but until the late 1960s, the Worldwide Church was growing rapidly.

There were major splits in the period of 1974-1978, climaxed by the ouster of Herbert Armstrongs own son, Garner Ted Armstrong, who for years was the radio and TV voice of the .

Garner Ted led the much smaller Intercontinental Church of God until his death in 2003, after being himself ousted from his own Church of God, International, because of public revelation of his sexual improprieties.

Many former Worldwide ministers broke away and started various smaller independent groups.

In the mid-1990s, major doctrinal changes led to the formation of the United Church of God and the Global Church of God (later, the Living

Sacred Name Assemblies all told may number perhaps 50,000 worldwide.This classification of Sabbath-keeping groups is distinguished by their insistence that the Hebrew names for God (Yahweh or Yahvah, etc.) and Jesus Christ (Yahshua Messiah, etc.) must be used exclusively, rather than the English terms, which they label as pagan.

The term assembly rather than church is used.

Most groups observe the Biblical Holy Days, but usually with a calendar other than the one used by most Jews.

Otherwise, they have much similarity to their ancestors, the

The largest Sacred Name group is the Assemblies of Yahwehheaded by Jacob O.Meyer since the late 1960s.

His Sacred Name Broadcast radio program and Sacred Name Broadcastermagazine have wide coverage.

Yahwists, as they call themselves (rather than Christians) are even more prone to local independence and splits than the Church of God (Seventh-Day).

In the early 1980s, Donald Mansager led a major defection from Meyers group and formed what later became known as Yahwehs New Covenant Assembly headquartered in Missouri.

They other Sacred Name groups have existed from the 1930s to the present.

Historical leaders were C.O.Dodd (a former Seventh Day Church of God elder), and A.B.Traina, who wrote a Sacred Name Bible.

See my short history of Sacred Name groups in Volume II of History of the Seventh-Day Church of Godavailable from Giving & Sharing.

Pentecostal Sabbatarian GroupsPentecostal is a term referring to fiery, charismatic preaching and sometimes to speaking in tongues.

Pentecostal-type churches exist in the Church of God and Sacred Name groups.

Here covered specif-ically are groups unrelated to the above.

Two

() Church of God and Saints of Christ was founded in 1896 by a Negro cook on the Santa Fe Railroad, William S.Crowdy, who claimed to have visions from God.

This group keeps the Biblical Holy Days and has a center in Cleveland, Ohio.

Membership is said to be

() Church of God, Jerusalem Acres, is a Sabbath-keeping descendent of Pentecostalist A.J.

Tomlinsons work in the early 1900s.

It

has about 1,000 members in America and 6,000 overseas, with headquarters in

Other Sabbath-keeping GroupsLike Heinz, there are more than 57 varieties of Sabbath-keeping groups.

I cant list all the groups here.

The Directory of Sabbath-Ob- is updated every few years by the Bible Sabbath Association, a nondenom-inational association founded in 1945 to promote fellowship and co-operation between tion of the seventh-day Sabbath.

Its magazine,

Seventh-Day Adventists , contains articles from Sabbath-keepers of many faiths.Its President is a former Seventh-day Adventist, its secretary-treasurer is from the Church of God (Seventh Day), and several of its presidents have been former members of the Worldwide Church of

Seventh-day Adventists should write the Bible Sabbath Association, 3316 Alberta Drive, Gillette, WY 82718, to obtain the

and the more about their Sabbath-keeping neighbors.

Seventh-day Adventists: there are many

Several years ago my wife was being bothered by various religious workers who appeared on our front door step.

A bit peeved, she wanted to politely get them to leave
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and the various groups of the Sabbath-keeping Churches of God. No, this effort will not lead to organizational unification. Yes, it is, and will, lead to further (thh-friedensau.de)
.

Were not interested, she said, we are Sabbath-keepers!

This got rid of most, except the time when the evangelizers were Seventh-day Adventists!

Here we were, Sabbath-keepers in the same community, and we didnt

even know each other!

Cant we know each other and respect each others differences?

Or will we instead pull into our religious cocoon and be unaware of anyone outside our group?

It is sad but true, that often as I meet and talk with other Sabbatarians, that I know more of their history and doctrines than they do themselves.

It must be that their church group is merely a social club, not the most important activity on earth.

This article is not just for Seventh-day Adventists; it is for all Sabbath-keepers.

Know what you believe, and why!

Dont be totally ignorant of your Sabbatarian cousins.

Realize that we can all learn from each other.

Yes, we are all different.

But then there will come a time when we shall all see This article was originally published as Study

Seventh-Day Adventists 1 s a Christian who keeps Saturday as the Sabbath (Friday sunset to

Saturday sunset), I am sometimes a source of bewilderment to others

not familiar with my beliefs.

They persistently think that I am either a Jew or a Seventh-day Adventist.

I am neither.

But in the eyes of many, these are the only religions Most people have heard of Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Jews.

The well-known Seventh-day Adventists number in the millions.

Yet most Seventh-day Adventists know little or nothing of the hundreds of other Sabbath-keeping groups who believe the Messiah has come.

For a listing, with addresses and in many cases a summary of their distinctive doctrines, write for the Directory of Sabbath-Observing Groups, from Bible Sabbath Association, 3316 Alberta

Seventh-day Adventists should know more about others who hold very similar beliefs.

Their fellow Sabbath-keepers live in the same communities as Adventists, yet in many cases neither knows about the existence of the other.

Both know little about the doctrinal beliefs or the history of the other.

This is really not too surprising.

The typical Protestant or Catholic knows little about the history and doctrines of his own denomination, let alone that of another.

Few will bother to know what their church believes, fewer still will find out what

I have written extensively on Sabbatarian history and have closely examined Adventist doctrine, as well as that of many other Sabbath-observing groups.

There are very sincere and dedicated Seventh-day Adventists.

I share many beliefs with Adventists.

Yet they are lacking in two areas: (1) Adventists need to know their own history, and (2) Adventists need to know their fellow Sabbath-keepers and Unknown History The oldest continuously organized and the Mill Yard Church in London, England, is not, and never was, Seventh-day Adventist.

American continent came about 200 years before there was a Seventh-day Adventist.

The first Sabbath-keeping settler in the Oregon

There has never been a time since the Seventh-day Adventist church was formed in the 1860s that all Christian Sabbath-keepers were in their fold.The Seventh-day Adventist Church is not the only descendant of the Adventist movement led by the Sunday-keeping William Miller in the 1840s.

The largest non-SDA body of Sabbath-keepers, the various Churches of God, were not an offshoot of the Seventh-day Adventists, but existed long before the SDA denomination was formed.

They parted company over the visions of Ellen G.

White and various other doctrinal

I urge that my SDA friends read my two History of the Seventh Day Church of God, Volume ISix Papers on the History of the Church of God, available from: & Sharing, PO Box 100, Neck City, .

The SDA Loma Linda and James Andrews Universities have requested

Regretfully, the history of SDAs and non-SDAs has been marked by much dissension and mutual name-calling.

SDA official writ-ings have denounced those in the Church of God as fanatics and rebels, who in turn denounced Ellen G.Whites visions as from the devil.

Her husband James White referred to Church of God people as bold slanderers

But then there are many Sabbath-keepers who have never had close relationships historically or doctrinally with SDAs.

The Seventh Day Baptists were the first Sabbatarian settlers of the New World.

Some of the Adventists learned about the Sabbath from a Seventh Day Baptist lady in New Hampshire.

Seventh-day Adventists and

Seventh-Day Adventists 17 paganism, such as Christmas and Easter.

Other older Sabbath-keepers tell me that old time Adventists were staunchly against divorce and remarriage.

SDAs have bent with the pressure of society and thrown away truths they once

May it always be said of us, that we are true and consistent with our beliefs and convictions, continually growing in Gods truth, and holding fast to His revealed ways of life!

Adventists are part of the shifting sands of modern Protestantism.

They are not built on the rock of the Savior of mankind.

In discussing Ellen G.White with a couple of Adventist friends, they remarked how they look to the Bible only, and do not equate her writings with the Bible.However, they say that studying her writings with the Bible, really helps one understand.

Like the founding principles of the SDA church, Adventists today coexist with a contradiction of terms.

On the one hand, SDA writings and Mrs.White herself, equate everything she wrote to Gods message for His end time people.

Yet on the other hand, we find loyal SDAs who do not abstain from meat, who question many of her

As a former member of the Worldwide Church of God founded by Herbert W.Armstrong, I am sometimes subjected to ridicule because of the claims he has made as being Gods Apostle.

Yet Herbert Armstrong never made quite the degree of claims to infallibility that Ellen G.White did.

He changed doctrinal teachings openly time and again as a result of study.

I never heard Herbert Armstrong quoted equally with the Bible in religious services.

He was rarely quoted.

Doctrines were generally believed and practiced by the entire membership.

I do find some similarities, however.

Early literature in both groups is suppressed and sometimes altered.

There is great central authority and uniformity of belief is stressed.

Most of the membership in the Seventh-day Adventist and Worldwide Church of God are oblivious to the truth of what is really going on, and few check out the early history of their church.

Both groups have recently undergone serious defections.

Desmond Ford and many Australian SDAs have differed sharply with Judgment, and may be in the process of forming a new denomination.

(There have been many splits from the SDA church through

SDAs are acting as if their founder was not completely inspired in everything, but refuse to admit openly that their founder had and taught many errors and had questionable conduct.

In the case of the Worldwide Church of God, for many years, Herbert Armstrong taught divine inspiration for a Monday Pentecost and was against divorce and remarriage.

Then in later years he claimed and freedom to divorce and remarry for almost any reason.

Ellen G.White did the same sort of thing.This breach cannot be healed.

At one time (or both) they had to be uninspired.I have

We are Sabbath-keepers, but not Seventh-day Adventists.

Some day, the Eternal will

Sunday-keepers may think that we are little different than Seventh-Day Adventists.

But my honest conclusion is that there is a vast difference.

Being honest with the Bible and with Ellen G.Whites writings is the basic reason why I am not a Seventh-day Adventist. This article was originally published as Study

Seventh Day Baptists and Seventh-Day Adventists: A Study of How They Differpages.American Sabbath Tract Society,

Radio Church of God: How Its Teachings Differ from Those of Seventh-Day Adventistsby Harry W.Lowe, 143 pages.Pacific Press,

Gathering Call Material (Part J) of Volume II of History of the Seventh Day

What Is a Seventh-day Adventist? by Arthur S.Maxwell, in Religions in America,

Why I Am Not a Seventh-Day AdventistEdward L.

Saunders, 29 pages.

Church of God

Seventh-Day Adventists husband, James White, and herself to gain control of the Sabbath Adventist movement, and how the visions supported prevalent ideas, and changed when the weight of opinion changed, how the visions conveniently came to correct those who disbelieved in Mrs.Whites divine revelation, is shown time and again in of God, Volume ISix Papers on the History of the Church of God Since the days of legal organization of the Sabbath Adventists, the visions of Ellen G.White have been made a test.

In 1862, Uriah Smith, a leading SDA writer, in Review & ect the gifts do not have true union with the body.

From the very nature of the case, they cannot have it.Thus, belief in Ellen G.

Whites visions is as important as deciding with whom to fellowship, as well as the Sabbath, baptism, and the coming of Christ!

There is a serious question whether or not Seventh-day Adventists truly are Sabbath-keepers.They believe that enforced Sunday observance is the mark of the Beast.

Yet when government bodies force them to work

An example is the SDA church in the former Soviet Union.

The Official SDA church in the USSR cooperated with military service requirements of the government, obtained prior government approval of sermons, sent their children to school on the Sabbath, and cooperated with government-enforced programs in the autumn, when young people were required to harvest crops on the

This is not an historical oddity, because in Germany during World War I, SDAs approved of participation of their young men in the military, including the bearing of arms.

The desires of a totalitarian government, they felt, superseded Acts 5:29.

In the Nazi era, Adventist church leaders accommodated the Nazi state, joined
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