North Carolina Offender Accountability Report

North Carolina Offender Accountability Report

Compendium08 09
Compendium of Community Corrections Programs in North Carolina

Fiscal Year 2008/09

THE HONORABLE W.ERWIN SPAINHOUR SUSAN KATZENELSONEXECUTIVE DIRECTORNC SENTENCING AND POLIExecutive Director Associate Director for Policy, Staff Attorney Ginny Hevener Associate Director for Research Karen Calhoun Tamara Flinchum Senior Research & Policy Associate Senior Research & Policy AssociateVacant David Lagos Senior Research & Policy AssociateResearch & Policy AssociateAshleigh Gallagher, Ph.D.Sara Perdue Research & Policy Associate Research & Policy Associate Administrative Assistant Compendium of Community Corrections in N.C.FY 2008/09


Fiscal Year 2008/09...............4 PRETRIAL SERVICES Pretrial Release Sentencing Deferred COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS Drug Treatment Court ( ssment and Treatment Treatment Accountability for Safer Communities ( Drug Education Unsupervised Community Service Work Supervised Probation, Post-Release Supervision and Electronic House Arrest/Electronic Day Reporting Centers (Criminal Justice Partnership RESIDENTIAL ment ( Delancey Street The Center for Community Transitions, Halfway Houses/Supervised Living SA Oxford Summit Substance Abusers ( SECTION II: Pretrial and Community Corrections Program Appendix A: Pretrial Release Program Alexander County Pretrial Brunswick County Buncombe County Pretrial Caldwell County Pretrial Catawba County, Pretrial Services Columbus County Pretrial Cumberland County Pretrial Davie County Pretrial Durham County Pretrial Edgecombe County Pretrial .....41 Greene County Pretrial Guilford County Pretrial Mecklenburg

County Pretrial Montgomery County Pretrial ce Pretrial Release Program Day Reporting Pretrial Release Program Electronic House Arrest........................47 al Release Orange/Chatham Pretrial Randolph County Pretrial ......51 Compendium of Community Corrections in N.C.

FY 2008/09

The General Assembly created the North Carolina Sentencing and Policy Advisory Commission in 1990 to recommend sentencing law reform and a comprehensive community corrections strategy for the state.

In July 1991, the Sentencing Commission published the first Compendium of Community Corrections Programs in North Carolina.

The Sentencing Commission used the information in the Compendium to develop community corrections policy recommendations that were adopted by the General Assembly.

is the annual update of the first document.

The information contained herein is provided by the individual departments and programs themselves.This updated edition of the velopment in the area of community corrections
north carolina offender accountability report

Section I contains updated narratives of the programs including purpose, eligible population, Section II contains program profiles using data from various pretrial programs, the Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Services in the Department of Health and Human Services, the Division of Community Corrections in the Department of Correction, and various residential programs located around the state.Where available, data include information about admissions, types of offenders admitted, terminations, length of stay, program capacity, and program program narratives and data Compendium of Community Corrections in N.C.FY 2008/09

PRETRIAL SERVICES PROGRAMS Pretrial Release Programs population management problems and/or overcrowding.Most people who are in jail are awaiting trial.

In order to manage jail populations, numerous counties have initiated pretrial services programs designed to expedite release of certain Eligible Population North Carolina statutes require an arrested defendant to be brought before a judicial official (usually a magistrate) without unnecessary delay in order to determine the legality of the arrest and, if the arrest is lawful, to determine conditions of pretrial release.A judge reviews the conditions of pretrial release at the first appearance hearing and subsequent hearings and may modify the conditions at any time prior to conviction.

In North Carolina, there are four types of pretrial release: (1) a written promise to appear; (2) an unsecured appearance bond; (3) an appearance bond secured by a cash deposit, mortgage of property, or a surety by a bondsman; or (4) supervision by some person or organization.North Carolina law allows flexibility in the pretrial release decision.

In each judicial district, the Senior Resident Superior Court Judge, in consultation with the Chief District Court Judge, issues recommended policies for pretrial Several levels of pretrial services programs operate in North Carolina counties.Some programs identify low-risk defendants who can be released with minimal monitoring prior to trial.Some programs identify defendants who need enhanced pretrial monitoring via electronic monitoring technology or attendance at a Day Reporting Center.Other programs identify both types of defendants and provide minimal monitoring to certain defendants and enhanced monitoring to others.Each pretrial services program sets its own eligibility guidelines in consultation with local judicial officials.Some programs use an objective score sheet to assess a defendant's eligibility for supervised pretrial release; others use policy guidelines.Most programs provide information to the magistrates and/or judges who set the conditions of pretrial release, expedite defendants' appearances in court to allow prompt review of cmonitor defendants prior to trial.Organizational Structure Pretrial service programs are either county-operated or county-funded through contracts with non-profit programs.The pretrial service program in Guilford County is managed by the Administrative cial district has a pretrial program.

Electronic monitoring technology is used for pretrial defendants in counties where it
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