Microbiology Practice Questions And Answers

Microbiology Practice Questions And Answers

Medical Microbiology

2008-09 Syllabus Page 1 COURSE OBJECTIVES Online Quizzes.

Please stay tuned for Oct-Nov.dates where this will occur.: Each midterm section

will culminate with a non-cumulative written, multiple-choice test where students demonstrate accomplishment of learning objectives.

(Learning objectives comprise the first section of each lecture’s handout.) Medical Microbiology

2008-09 Syllabus Page 2 ASSESSMENTquizzes.

Attendance at all course events is necessary for optimal performance, and material presented in small group sessions will be graded and shall be included in quizzes and exams.

In light of pod-casting, students are reminded that confusion in lecture is most efficiently cleared up immediately by questions in lecture rather than at later times.Grades are not determined for individual exams.

Final grades are determined according to the ratios in the following table.

Number% eachTotal %


Final GradeExaminationsQuizzes 20 0.5% 10% Following grade determination, teaching faculty from the Department of Microbiology meet to set the Pass-Fail line at two standard deviations from the mean score. prior to class will be the single most effective mechanism to ensure success in Medical Microbiology

Reading assigned chapters in the textbook will logarithmically increase a student’s knowledge and will heighten both complete understanding and efficient mastery of required / Mycology / VirologyPatrick R.Murray, Ken S.Rosenthal, Michael A.

: Elsevier/Mosby, 2005).



Review of Medical Microbiology and Immunology ed.

LANGE REVIEW SERIES (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2006).Harvey, R.A., P.C.Champe, and B.D.


Microbiology edition.

LIPPINCOTT’S ILLUSTRATED REVIEWS (Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins, 2007).Medical Microbiology

2008-09 Syllabus Page 3 PROFESSIONALISM OBJECTIVESe candidates for the Doctor of Medicine degree with the following professional objectives for their successful career.

A student’s desire to practice these objectives in Medical Microbiology (and other undergraduate medical education) will substantially enhance their knowledge, humility, and technical skill for a successful and rewarding career.1.

Demonstrate respect for others a.

Students are asked to attend all class meetings, particularly small group exercises.b.Students respond in dignified manner to faculty, staff, and student colleagues, exemplifying their maturity and empathy.c.

Students agree to abide by appropriate biosafety practices when in BSL-2 exercises.

2.Exhibit honesty and integrity a.Students abide by the Honor Code of the University of Virginia in all exams, quizzes, and graded assignments.

b.Students discuss honestly any grading oversights or computer/technology errors with Course faculty as soon as discrepancies arise.3.Practice concern through communication, respect, and understanding a.Students grasp opportunities to “rehearse” professional etiquette when dealing with faculty in situations of uncertainty and/or ignorance.b.Students appreciate the enormous benefits of faculty variation in education and/or background by seeking to understand diverse populations.c.

Students encourage their classmates to heightened levels of understanding by promoting questions and through the support of shared personal experiences.4.Perform assignments responsibly and with accountability a.

Students complete open-book, online quizzes each week, according to the Section schedule.

b.Students arrive promptly to classes as well as small groups activities.c.Students work effectively as a team member when assigned, realizing they gain more when fully engaged.

d.Students seize the opportunity to learn from a diverse group of faculty instructors in small group settings, focused on basic relevance of clinical cases.

5.Seek excellence and scholarship a.

Students strive to excel at all four areas of Medical Microbiology, including immunology, bacteriology, mycology, and virology.b.Students read to supplement the foundational scaffold of information presented in lecture.c.

Students seek to develop treatment behaviors that will reduce the incidence of antimicrobial resistance in the world.Medical Microbiology

2008-09 Syllabus Page 4 OTHER RESOURCES FOR STUDENT SUCCESS IN MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY: The course website ( ) contains necessary information for successful completion of this course, including links to the following: lecture notes, weekly quizzes, tutorials, practice exams, and laboratory/small group information.The website will be updated throughout the course as new resources are necessary, and is considered to be the most up-to-date reference for the course.Review Core course material from First Year: Basic Biology

The Online Biology Cell Biology:

The Virtual Cell The Open Directory Project – Cell biology chapter / The Biology Project (U.

Arizona) Biochemistry

The Dictionary of Cell and Molecular / Genetics

DNA from the beginning: http://www.dnaftb.org/dnaftb/ Immunology

The Biology Project (U.Arizona) : Answers to common conceptual questions are posted to the course newsgroup by fellow students and Microbiology faculty.In addition, students may submit questions by email medmicrocourse@virginia.edu ), and faculty will supply responses via the course newsgroup.

The Newsgroup is also the first place to check when reviewing for exams, as lecture clarifications (and error corrections) will be made public on the Newsgroup first.

Questions shall be addressed as “conversations” and a topic can have many entries to allow complete understanding of that topic
microbiology practice questions and answers

Students can reach the Newsgroup through o
Microbiology sep07
College of American Pathologists Revised: 09/27/2007 MICROBIOLOGY (Web File) Page 2 of 121 SUMMARY OF TECHNIQUES – KEY MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY COLLECTION AND - OF AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TESTING, QC REQUIREMENTS, AND RESULTS REPORTING..........PROCEDURES AND FLUID OF AND , INOCULATION, BIOCHEMICAL ANPROCEDURES AND of American Pathologists Revised: 09/27/2007 MICROBIOLOGY (Web File) Page 3 of 121 QUALITY AND AND FOR OVA AND FILMS FOR MALARIA AND OTHER AND of American Pathologists Revised: 09/27/2007 MICROBIOLOGY (Web File) Page 7 of 121 The checklists used in connection with the ies by the Commission ege of American Pathologists have been works of the College.

The College has boratories that are preparing for such inspections.

Except as permitted by section 107, any other use of the checklists constitutes infringement of the College’s copyrights in the checklists.

The College will take appropriate legal actioCONTINUING EDUCATION INFORMATION Beginning January 2008, you may earn continuing eonline Inspection Preparation activity that Prior to reviewing the checklist, log on to the CAP Web site at www.cap.org http://www.cap.orgclick the Education Programs taitation Program (LAP) Education ation for complete instructions and enrollment information.

NOTE ON MOLECULAR TESTING IN MICROBIOLOGY This checklist covers molecular testing for unmodified, FDA-approved molecular methods only.

Microbiology laboratories that have modified FDA-approved methods, or that use molecular methods that are not FDA-approved, must also be inspected with requirement applies to all CAP-accredited lalaboratories.the three methods of eliciting information during the inspection process.

These three methods may be used throuuate time for all three components.READ = Review of Records and Documents Document review verifies that procedures and manuals are complete, current, available to staff, accurate and reviewed, and describe good laboratory practice.

Make notes of any questions you may observe as you read the documentation.Observing and asking questions accomplish the following: Verifies that the actual practice maCollege of American Pathologists Revised: 09/27/2007 MICROBIOLOGY (Web File) Page 8 of 121 Ensures that the laboratory processes are appropriate for the testing performed Ensures that outcomes for any problem areas, such as PT failures and issues/problems identified through the quality management proceEnsures that previously cited deficiencies have been corrected Observe laboratory practicesis actually doing.

Compare the policy/procedure accurately reflects laboratory practice.

Note if practice deviates from the documented policies/procedures.amounts of information, and help you clarify your mentation you’ve seen and observations you’ve made.

This eliminates ththe dialogue between you and the laboratory may address multiple checklist questions.

Ask open-ended questions that start with phrases such as “show me how…” or “tell me about hypothetical problem, you will avoid “cookbook” answers.

For example, ask “Could you show me the specimen transport policy and show me how you ensure optimum specimen quality?”

This will help you to determine how well the technical staff is trained, whether or not they are performance of the laboratory.Ask followverbatim.

For example, instead of asking ththere documentation of corrective action when control results exceed defined tolerance limits?” ask, “What would you do if the SD or CV doubles one month?”

A focause for the change in SD or CV?” llow a specimen through the laboratory.

a specimen from collection to test result, you can cover multiple checklist questions in the Laboratory General checklist:

questions on the specimen collection manual; phlebotomy; verbal orders; identification of patients and specimens; accessi records, maintaining confidentiality of patient data, and proper For the individual laboratory sections:

ity menu and focus on tests that potentially have the greatest impact on patient care.

Exantibodies, hepatitis B surface antigen, urine drugs or CSF, acid-fast cultures, prothrombin time and INR reporting, and compatibility testing and r potentially high-impact tests maCollege of American Pathologists Revised: 09/27/2007 MICROBIOLOGY (Web File) Page 10 of 121 Proficiency testing (PT) is defined as determination of laboratory testing performance by means of interlaboratory comparisons, in which a PT program periodically sends multiple specimens to members of a group of laboratories for analysis and/or identification; the program then compares each value…(adapted from Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute Harmonized Terminology Database; Alternative assessment is defined as determination of laboratory testing performance by means other than PT--for example, split-sample testing, testing by a different method, **NEW**

09/27/2007 MIC.00005

Phase I N/A


NO Does the laboratory’s current CAP Activity Meresponsible individuals, and by examination of the laboratory’s test requisition(s), computer order

tests performed in the laboratorythe individual tests.

The Master Activity Menu COMMENTARY: College of American Pathologists Revised: 09/27/2007 MICROBIOLOGY (Web File) Page 12 of 121 MIC.00130

Phase II N/A


NO For tests for which CAP does not require PT, does the laboratory at least semiannually

1) participate in external PT, or 2) exercise an alternative pedetermining the reliability of analytic testing? NOTE:

Appropriate alternative performance assessment procedures may include:

split sample analysis with reference or other laboratories, split samples with an established in-house method, practice.

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